· On July 4, 1882 Novelist and short-story writer Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem,
Massachusetts. His works include The Scarlet Letter, The House of Seven Gables, and The Blithedale Romance.
· Also on July 4, only four years after Hawthorne’s birth, Henry David Thoreau moved into the cabin he built on land owned by friend Ralph Waldo Emerson. Thus began Thoreau’s 26-month sabbatical that finished with the masterpiece Walden.
· Lionel Trilling, American literary critic and teacher, came into being on July 4thin 1905.